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Victoriana & victorian coinage portraits (1839-1901)      
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Some notes on Victoriana, The Victorian coinage portraits etc  1837 - 1901

The 19thC 'Victorian' era was a golden age of craftsmanship design & inovation, resulting in the creation of many beautiful & collectable objects which are still to be found (& used) today & which form such an important portion of the modern antique dealers stock. 

The victorians were prolific engravers, publishers, binders, medalists, archictects, engineers etc. Victorian art, furniture etc is world renowned. The Arts & Crafts movement - (Aesthetic movement) was led by people such as  William Morris & Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
Victorian newspapers such as the 'Illustrated London News' published superb copper engravings in the era before newspaper photography..
See examples below of victorian 'tintype' & 'Cartes -de -Visite' early photographs.

Victoria's Reign also produced the world's first
self adhesive  postage stamp -
The 1840 'Penny Black'   Also the 1841 & later '2d blue'

Queen.Victoria herself was born at Kensington Palace,
London, on 24 May 1819. She was the only daughter
of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III.
Her father died shortly after her birth and
she became heir to the throne because the three
uncles who were ahead of her in succession -
George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV -
had no legitimate children who survived. Victoria 
Reigned for sixty-fours years

Due to such a long reign it was nessessary  to
change the portrait of Queen Victoria used on
United Kingdom coinage on four occasions,
The beautiful Young Head (pictured right)
later the 'Gothic' style
introduced in 1847 for the Rare crown pieces & florins.
The 'Bun' head issue introduced in 1860 - 1894, used for the bronze coinage (penny, halfpenny & farthing issues)
The 1887-1892 'Jubilee'  (Golden Jubilee) used for the Gold & silver coinage. Finally
the veiled or widow head style was used from 1893 used until Victoria's death in 1901.
Numerous other colonial numismatic portraits were also used, An example is the portrait (below centre picture) which was used for the 1869 Jamaica Penny. Below Left India One Rupee

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The Celebrated Victoria 
'Gothic' Portrait
used on Silver Crowns  & Florins 1847 - 1878
Victoria 
Veiled or Widdow  Portrait
used  variously for all  Gold, Silver & Bronze  Coins  1893 - 1901
Victoria 
'Bun Head'  Portrait
used for all  Bronze Coins  1860 - 1894
Victoria  '
Jubilee'  Portrait
used for all  Gold, & Silver  Coins  1887 - 1892
Victoria
Ornate widow style portrait on
a school attendance medal - 1900
Google
The Celebrated  William Wyon Victoria
'Young Head' Portrait 1839 - 1887

Victoria
Colonial style protrait used in 1862 for the
British India  One Rupee
Victoria
Colonial style protrait used in 1869 for the
Jamaica One Penny
Victorian Medalists & Die-Engravers

William Wyon, (W.W.)
(1795 –1851), was official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death. He was responsible
for some of the most beautiful coin & medal designs of the 19thC including the 'Una & The Lion' Gold Five Pounds
dated  MDCCCXXXIX  (1839)

Leonard Charles Wyon (L.C.W.)
(1826-1891), Die-engraver and medallist, designed the beautiful  (1860 - 1894)  'Bun' head coinage of Victoria

Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm (J.E.B.)
(1834-1890) was a sculptor, designed the 1887-1892 'Jubilee portrait of Queen Victoria on Gold, & Silver United Kingdom coinage.

Sir Thomas Brock  (T.B.)
(1847 - 1922) British sculptor & engraver. Designed the veiled or widow head used on Gold & Silver coins from 1893 onwards & bronze coins from 1895 - 1901

For additional reference on this subject visit The Victorian Penny website.
http://www.victorianpenny.com/index5.html
Victoria
Diamond Jubilee Medal
1837 - 1897